Research and local development

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In order to favour innovative approaches to economic and social development in the Alpine regions, the Programme Torino e le Alpi promoted in 2014 the “Call for proposals for projects for applied research in the economic, social, and health-care field in the mountain territories of Piedmont, Liguria, and the Aosta Valley”, a call aimed at gathering research and feasibility studies regarding original operational models, good practices in territorial management and planning, experiences in community revitalisation, and economic, social, and cultural development in the Alpine range. The programme has supported 20 research projects, which focused on some valleys in the province of Turin (Susa, Chisone, Sangone, Pinerolese, Germanasca, Chiusella, Pellice, Canavese), Cuneo (Valli Grana, Maira, and Varaita), and Biella, in the Aosta Valley, in Valsesia, in Liguria, and in the Appennine Mountains of Liguria and Piedmont. A publication gathers the reports on the research. Moreover, as of 2016 a number of meetings has been organised to inform of research results (the schedule of the workshops is available here), with the intention of stimulating a public debate about Alpine territorial policies. Gathering some observations that emerged from these works, the Programme Torino e le Alpi, Turin’s Centro Studi Legislativi (Centre for Legislative Studies), and the University of Turin – Department of Agricultural, Forestry, and Food Sciences – have analysed the problem of the fragmentation and parceling-out of mountain land and have thoroughly studied the legal assumptions needed to codify the institution of Landowners Association.

To improve the services and quality of life of the residents in mountain areas, within the scope of the 2016 call for proposals “Stiamo tutti bene: educare bene, crescere meglio”, Torino e le Alpi has supported 22 initiatives in order to contrast the early school leaving in the mountains through educational programs to be carried out outside school hours and through interventions intended to encourage greater responsibility and efficiency by the families in their educational relationship with children and youth. With the same purpose, the programme has promoted an analysis of the conditions for the development of business activities in the mountains: carried out by Collegio Carlo Alberto, this study sees an efficient opposition to the population decrease of the High Lands in strengthening the economic and productive fabric of the Alpine territories.

As of 2015, Compagnia di San Paolo and Piedmontese institutions, actors, and operators started considering the possible role of mountain villages in managing the phenomenon of the reception of asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants in the national territory. The year after, the Programme Torino e le Alpi promoted research into the reception and integration of refugees in the mountain villages of Piedmont and Liguria: a task carried out by Associazione Dislivelli and aimed at gathering and processing new data relevant to this phenomenon, and mapping and analysing reception experiences in the mountains.